1739: At an auto-de-fe in Lisbon, one of the most successful
and popular playwrights of the period was burned. He was Antonio Jose
de Silva, member of a New Christian family, son of a mother twice
been convicted of Judaizing. On the night he was burned, one of his
comedies was produced in the local town theater.
1674: Pope Clement X suspended the Inquisition in Portugal.
This came after the New Christian community asked for a more humane
treatment from the Portuguese Inquisitional authorities. Many within
the New Christian community felt the Portuguese tribunals were based
on greed more than sincerity.
1911: U.S. District Court Judge Hough issues a writ of habeas corpus
reviewing order of immigration officials who excluded David Perriss
and five other Turkish Jewish immigrants who arrived on Ellis Island
on September 21.
1909: A Jew, Israel Effendi is appointed Chief of Police in
1973: Egyptian and Syrian forces launch a coordinated attack
against Israel on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar.
Taking the Israeli Defense Forces by surprise. Israel had a stunning
victory over all the attacking Muslim armies, leaving Israel in control
of territory four times its previous size.
1943: German convoys deported Jews from Morocco to the concentration
camps of Europe.
1576: Ottoman Sultan ordered the deportation of 1,000 wealthy
Jews from Safed to Cyprus. The Jews would be requested to take with
them their possessions and riches. The firman utilized wording which
warned the Turks they would receive severe punishment if they accepted
bribes from the Jews to have their names removed.
1845: The Sephardic Synagogue of Kingston, Jamaica celebrated
taking possession of a new Sefer Torah." The service was conducted
by the Rev. Isaac Lopes, minister of the congregation.
1723: The party responsible for slandering a group of Jews was
put to death in an auto-de-fe at Lisbon. The person had alleged groups
of men were assembling to practice Jewish customs. The men were later
arrested and jailed where many of them had died.
1847: A constitution was adopted forming 'The Ladies Sewing
Association, of the Congregation Shearith Israel, of New York.' The
society consisted of an initial fifty members who would make garments
for the needy.
1907: Ernesto Nathan, a Jew, was elected Mayor of Rome.
1492: After sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Italian explorer
Christopher Columbus sights a Bahamian island, believing he has reached
East Asia. His expedition, including Hebrew speaker Luis de Torres
(the translator) went ashore the same day and claimed the land for
Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain, who sponsored his attempt to find
a western ocean route to China, India, and the fabled gold and spice
islands of Asia.
1911: Multiple telegrams were received in London from Malta,
Gabes and Djerba, appealing for help for the many thousands of Jewish
refugees from Tripoli.
1945: Died, Leon Recanati, Sephardic leader of Palestine and formerly
of Salonika. Recanati was a "happy admixture of a learned Jews with
his Biblical wisdom on the one hand and a man of affairs with a sense
of reality on the other."
1910: A Jew, David Effendi Molcho, First Interpreter of Imperial
Divan of the Ottoman Empire is appointed member of the Senate. On
this same day, Samuel Effendi of Salonica is appointed Chief of Police
for the coast districts of Constantinople.
1911: At the request of David Levontin, Director of the Anglo-Palestine
Bank, Jews assemble to pray for the welfare of the Sultan and for
victory of the Turkish Army.
1948: An Israeli army unit held Yom Kippur services on Mt. Zion, right
outside the [then] sealed Zion's Gate of the Old City of Jerusalem.
There they blew the shofar, the closest place to the Western Wall
they could get.
1974: American Sephardi Federation and the Sephardic community
at large collected $4,000,000 for Israel by week two of the Yom Kippur
1483: Though Spain was still divided; on this date Torquemada
was made Inquisitor General over Aragon, Catalonia and Valencia, this
was said to be the first act of unification of Spain.
1990: "O you beloved Spain, ‘mother’ we call you, and throughout
our lives we will not forget your sweet language. Even though you
have expelled us as a stepmother from your womb, we have not stopped
loving you as our holy ground, where our ancestors are buried and
where the ashes of thousands of tormented and burned still lie..."
Haham Solomon Gaon at the ceremony of the Prince of Asturias Concord
Award, Oviedo, Spain.
1910: Minister of the Interior takes prompt steps to suppress
anti-Semitic manifestations at Kirk-Klisse, near Adrianople (Edirne,
1495: Ines Lopez of Ciudad Real, Spain was accused of heresy.
In confessing, she wrote to the Inquisitional Court stating she was
a 'Christian', but admitted wearing clean clothing on Saturday. In
the letter she accused her cousin of teaching her to observe Passover,
saying it was good "for her soul." Turning in her cousin satisfied
the Inquisition, but they could do nothing as she was safe in Constantinople.
Lopez was soon after sentenced to life imprisonment, ordered to wear
the san benito and was burned at the stake.
An Israeli government spokesman reports hundreds of Jews in Iraq
had been brutally arrested, and all their property confiscated.
In NY, a cornerstone ceremony was held on for the Sephardic Jewish
Brotherhood of America, raising funds to erect a new community center.
It read: "Dedicated to Sephardic Unity and Community Service."
1853: When an army of Kurds attacked the city of Al-Jazira,
it was Muslims, Christians and Jews who picked up arms to defend the
1870: Jews of Algeria become French citizens. Most families are religious,
as well as large. By 1920, there were approximately 65,000 Jews living
1268: Jucef ibn Astrug Ravaya, a Jew, was appointed bailiff
of Besala. Jucef later became chief bailiff in Aragon and Valencia.
Jucef and his brother were the chief administrators in the government
of King Pedro III. Under Jucef's administration, he and his brother
were able to raise funds from within the Jewish community to finance
an invasion of Sicily.
1845: A fire broke out at Constantinople which had consumed the greater
part of the Jewish quarter, and destroyed several Synagogues. "Distress,
starvation, and misery of all kinds prevail among the unfortunate
1906: Installation of Rabbi Jacob Meir as Hahambashi of Palestine. Six
months later In April he was deposed by the Sultan of Turkey, and
Eliahu M. Panigel was put in the position instead to oversee the orthodox
community. Jacob Meir went on to be Chief Rabbi of Salonica.
1496: An edict expelling the Jews was signed in Naples.
1913: From this date until March 26 of the following year, the city
of Adrianople was under terrible siege. Twenty people were killed
by the bombardment, 500 families were reduced to poverty. Both poor
and middle class Jews were affected. Three thousand sought shelter
in schools and 9,200 were completely helpless.
1906: Mutilated bodies of Jewish women were found in the streets
of Arzila, Tangier. The mountain tribesmen had came down and surprised
the large Jewish community one week earlier is suspect.
1913: From Itchip, practically the entire Jewish community (about
710 people) fled to Salonica before the arrival of the Bulgarians.
Only 6 men and 2 youths stayed behind. Two of the old men were killed;
all the Jewish homes were plundered and demolished. Synagogues were
desecrated and burned, as were 24 Jewish stores and homes.
1840: Sir Moses Montefiore had an audience with the Sultan.
Among the topics discussed were the blood libel accusations on the
island of Rhodes and in Damascus. The Sultan later issued a public
firman exonerating Jews from anything to do with ritual murder accusations.
1940: Mussolini’s Italian army cross Albania and invades Greece. The
Greek army included 12,000 Greek Jews which fought fiercely and stopped
the Italian advance. Between 510 and 615 Greek Jewish soldiers from
Salonica were killed.
1909: Alliance Israelite Universelle makes representation to
the French legislation over the hardships suffered by the Jews of
1786: A deadly fire in the Jewish Ghetto of Verona occurred
causing a great loss of life.
1904: Cypriotes in Athens, Greece adopt a resolution, which they plan
to send to England to protest against the increasing immigration of
Jews to Cyprus.
1911: Died, Daoud Effendi Molho, Ottoman Diplomatic Staff at
Constantinople. Molho was 67 years old.