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BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ETHNIC SEPHARDIC JEWS IN THE MEDICAL LITERATURE
# 0-9763226-0-9: 210 pages. December 2004 by Shelomo Alfassa
and Houman Kashani M.D.
of Ethnic Sephardic Jews in the Medical Literature covers
a distinct subject area of biomedicine. Relevance to the subject
of the Sephardic Jews is the only criterion for inclusion of
works in this document; the format, ownership, or location of
the material were not considered. This Monograph contains selected
references to journal articles published from 1956 through October
2004. Letters to the editor and meeting abstracts found in the
available data pool were excluded for the sake of continuity.
The various medical topics have been arranged under logical
subject categories that reflect appropriate divisions. The only
exception is the discipline of genetics which is sub-divided
because of its large size. Although an abstract theoretically
may qualify to fall into more than one division, the editors
have made certain each citation only appears under one category,
that being the most significant topic spoken of inside the respective
is presented in this book as a resource for those wishing to
conduct further research and/or examine what research has been
conducted which makes mention of the Sephardim as study participants,
case studies which compare the Sephardim to other Jewish populations
or even non-Jewish populations. This Monograph contains not
only studies conducted on Sephardim, but often topics of other
research where Sephardim are singled out, mentioned, or measured
against a particular set. Many times, Sephardim will act as
a control group for a primary study on Ashkenazim. In one notable
case, a group of 552 non-Ashkenazim served as the control.
Note About Genetics
research technology is evolving at an exponential rate and for
this reason the reader will find the largest portion of this
book dedicated to this topic. Jewish 'genetics' remains a subject
which continues to develop rapidly. In this branch of biology
that deals with heredity, especially the mechanisms of hereditary
transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics
among similar or related organisms, the genetic constitution
of an individual, class, or group (in this case the Sephardim)
is explored. Genetic studies classify the Israeli Jewish population
into two major groups: Ashkenazi from Central and Eastern Europe
and Sephardic or non-Ashkenazi, from the Mediterranean and North
Africa. Infrequently known scientific terms such as Moroccan
mutation, Tunisian mutation and Moorish substrate
exist within the medical literature to help define and distinguish
genetic markers found in scientific research. Many times, these
terms are used in regards to both Sephardim, as well as for
Arab population members of those lands. Genetic science has
demonstrated fascinating conclusions, connecting migration and
history with biomedicine. Examples of portions of abrstracts
Iraqui-Jews represent the original gene pool of Jews who lived
in Babylon 2500 years ago we hypothesize that the type II
mutation is ancient and that the type III mutation occurred
more recently, after the divergence of the original Babylonian
Jews into Ashkenazi, Sephardic (Spanish) and Middle Eastern
is shown that there is a 'Moorish substrate' in the eastern
and north-eastern parts of Spain and in southern Portugal.
Serological effects, such as could derive from the assimilation
of a large Jewish population, cannot be identified in the
data available. The theory that most Hispano-Moslems and Spanish
Jews were of indigenous origin is not gainsaid by the serological
ancestor of modern I1307K alleles existed 87.9-118 generations
ago (approximately 2,200-2,950 years ago). This age estimate
indicates that I1307K existed at about the time of the beginning
of the Jewish diaspora, explaining its presence in non-Ashkenazi
findings suggest that the pemphigus MHC susceptibility gene
among Iranians derived from the same ancestor as that in the
Ashkenazim. The ancient Jews were under Persian domination
from 500 B.C. until 300 B.C. and in the 8th century A.D.,
a Tataric people living in the kingdom of Khazar on the Western
shore of the Caspian Sea and the Northern shore of the Black
Sea, near Persia, converted to Judaism, providing possible
opportunities for gene mixing in two populations that are
distinct and separate today.
proportion of the CF [Cystic Fibrosis] chromosomes can be
identified in Ashkenazi Jews (95%), Jews originating from
Tunisia (100%), Libya (91%), Turkey (90%), and Georgia (88%).
non-Ashkenazi Jews in Israel are of lower socioeconomic status
than Ashkenazi Jews, we stratified our patients according to
their socioeconomic parameters, median HbA1 values, and duration
of diabetes. Non-Ashkenazi patients were at a higher risk to
develop complications in all strata.
results have shown that, to a remarkable extent, they have
retained their biological identity, with a unique pattern,
in terms of gene and haplotype frequencies, separate from
the other populations of Majorca. The Chuetas were found to
be more related to Moroccan and Libyan Jews than other Majorcans.
research aims to examine whether there are differences in
the level of anxiety, the perception of danger, the reliance
on security forces and signs of psychological distress during
times of war between two groups of Holocaust survivors: Jews
of Greece and Jews of Eastern and Western Europe, while assessing
their psychological ability to cope with the wave of terrorism
against the Israeli population.
book is not yet for sale but is expected to be by February
above extracts of selected abstracts included in BIBLIOGRAPHY
OF ETHNIC SEPHARDIC
JEWS IN THE MEDICAL LITERATURE have had their footnotes/citations
removed for this Intenet page only).